When the first settlers began cultivating the land, consisting mostly of turf (veen), they dug ditches that run parallel to each other to drain excess water.As a side effect of this process the land began to sink.This resulted in a never-ending battle against the water. It also meant that any structure needed to be built on an artificial Terp or natural hill.
They show that the town had a rectangular shape and was crossed by two roads: one leading north-south, the other east-west.
The draining of the Beemster Lake in 1612 and the Purmer Lake in 1622 resulted in a great loss in fishing grounds to Purmerend.
He was convicted on falsification and fraud charges on 12 November 1947, after a brief but highly publicized trial, and was sentenced to a modest punishment of one year in prison.
Han (a diminutive version of Henri or Henricus) van Meegeren was born in 1889 as the third of five children of middle-class Roman Catholic parents in the provincial city of Deventer.
Although the tram service discontinued years ago, the end stop has retained the name Tramplein.
As a child, van Meegeren developed an enthusiasm for the paintings of the Dutch Golden Age, and later set out to become an artist himself.
After 400 years Purmerenders saw the last cattle auction at the original location in downtown Purmerend in 2008.
The auction was moved to the "Baanstee Oost" industrial area, in the north side of Purmerend.
Following the war, the forgery was discovered in Göring's possession, and van Meegeren was arrested on as a collaborator, as officials believed that he had sold Dutch cultural property to the Nazis.